AKWAABA – Ghana’s unique way of saying welcome to the center of the world
Ghana officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign state and unitary presidential constitutional republic, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in West Africa. In 1957, Ghana became the first African nation to declare independence from European colonization.
The country is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. The word Ghana means “Warrior King”.
Ghana has a 238,535 km2 land mass with 2,093 kilometres of inteational land borders. Ghana consists of ten administrative regions and some islands, parts of which are endowed with savannas, woodlands, forests, a coastal line, fertile lands, springs, waterfalls, streams, rivers, caves, lakes, estuaries, mountains, wildlife parks and nature reserves, industrial minerals, precious metals and Fossil fuel.
The coast of Ghana which has mainly sandy beaches stretches 560 kilometres (350 miles) with a peninsula at Cape Three Points. Also along the coastline are castles, forts, ports and harbours.
These physical and human features are not evenly spread in the country however.
Ghana has in recent years attained rapid economic growth and rising human development. Ghana is a petroleum and natural gas producer, one of the world’s largest gold and diamond producers, the second largest cocoa producer in the world,and Ghana is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.Ghana is a regional power and has regional hegemony; and it is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement and a member of both the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Group of 24 (G24).